‘’Overconsumption and overpopulation underlie every environmental problem we face today.’’ Jacques Yves Cousteau
According to a recent United Nation’s statistics, the world’s population as at July 2020 was 7.96 billion, with china being the most populous country in the world and Nigeria having the fastest growth rates of 2.6 percent per year. Global population continues to grow by roughly 80 million people every year. If this rapid population growth is not controlled, it will continue to be a major barrier to sustainable development goals “The hungry world cannot be fed unless the growth of its resources and the growth of its population come into balance. Each man, woman and each nation must make decisions of conscience and policy in the face of this great problem.” -Lyndon B. Johnson, former US President (1908-1973) Lets’ think about the global development and the role of Africa for a second. Technology is changing the way the world is operating and business is being conducted. In Dubai, for example, a private hospital is being run by robots with only one human being acting as a receptionist. All the doctors and nurses are
robots. With unemployment rate being high in Africa, how do we expect people to survive in such world? Will we need to control birth thus our population rate? World population day is celebrated annually on 11th July to raise awareness on global population issues. For nations to achieve economic and social stability, they have to come up with ways to control the population. One of the ways many countries have used to do so is by encouraging voluntary family planning methods. Although this is a method that has been faced with various barriers, including religion and culture, it has been very effective to control family size. The rapid population growth rate has made most nations unable to eradicate poverty levels. Bringing birth rates down appears to be one solution to ensure people can share the available resources. It also ensures quality education and health care, better economic opportunities and lower child mortality. This year, the theme for world population day is, A world of 8 billion: Towards a resilient future for all – Harnessing opportunities and ensuring rights and choices for all”. Overpopulation poses a great threat. Threats such as ozone depletion, air pollution, water shortage, are just but a few. The more we are, the more we over consume resources. Families need to have this conservation and collaborate in bringing birth rates down in order to ensure that future generations lead a better life. Indeed, the future of our generations depends largely on the measures we take taday to cub the population or increase resources.
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